15. Clarity of procedure in respect of change or modifications of object and filing of return of income in case of entities exempt under sections 11 and 12.
15.1 The provisions of section 12A of the Income-tax Act provide for conditions for applicability of sections 11 and 12 of the Income-tax Act in relation to the benefit of exemption in respect of income of any trust or institution.
15.2 Further, the provisions of section 12AA of the Income-tax Act provide for registration of the trust or institution which entitles them to the benefit of sections 11 and 12. Section 12AA also provides the circumstances under which registration can be cancelled, one such circumstance being satisfaction of the Principal Commissioner or Commissioner that its activities are not genuine or are not being carried out in accordance with its objects subsequent to grant of registration. However, before amendment by the Act, there was no explicit provision in the Income-tax Act which mandates said trust or institution to approach for fresh registration in the event of adoption or undertaking modifications of the objects after the registration has been granted.
15.3 Therefore, section 12A of the Income-tax Act has been amended to provide that where a trust or an institution has been granted registration under section 12AA or has obtained registration at any time under section 12A [as it stood before its amendment by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1996] and, subsequently, it has adopted or undertaken modifications of the objects which do not conform to the conditions of registration, it shall be required to obtain fresh registration by making an application within a period of thirty days from the date of such adoption or modifications of the objects in the prescribed form and manner. Consequential amendments to Section 12AA of the Income-tax Act have also been made.
15.4 Further, as per the provisions of said section, the entities registered under section 12AA are required to file return of income under sub-section (4A) of section 139 of the Income-tax Act, if the total income without giving effect to the provisions of sections 11 and 12 exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to income-tax. However, there was no clarity as to whether the said return of income was to be filed within time allowed under section 139 or otherwise.
15.5 In order to provide clarity in this regard, further amendment to section 12A of the Income-tax has been made so as to provide for additional condition that the person in receipt of the income chargeable to income-tax shall furnish the return of income within the time allowed under section 139 of the Income-tax Act.
15.6 These amendments are clarificatory in nature.
15.7 Applicability: These amendments take effect from 1st April, 2018 and will, accordingly, apply from assessment year 2018-19 and subsequent assessment years.