Circular No 56/30/2018 GST : Clarification for refund of ITC on fabrics

By | August 25, 2018
(Last Updated On: April 27, 2020)

Circular No 56/30/2018 GST

F. No. 354/290/2018-TRU
Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Revenue
Tax Research Unit
Circular No 56/30/2018 GST

North Block, New Delhi 24th August, 2018

Clarification on removal of restriction on refund of accumulated Input Tax Credit on fabrics and reversal of accumulated ITC on fabrics upto 31.07.2018

[ Also refer Circular No 94/13/2019 GST Dated 28th March, 2019 : Clarify how ITC is to be reversed ]

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 Read Circular No 56/30/2018 GST

The Principal Chief Commissioners/Chief Commissioners/
Principal Commissioners/ Commissioner of Central Tax (All) /
The Principal Director Generals/ Director Generals (All)


Subject: Clarification regarding removal of restriction of refund of accumulated lTC on fabrics – reg.

Certain doubts have been raised regarding the applicability and intent of notification No. 20/2018-Central Tax (Rate) dated 26th July, 2018 (which seeks to amend notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017) relating to the provision for lapsing of input tax credit accumulated on account of inverted duty structure on fabrics for the period upto the 31st July, 2018. Circular No 56/30/2018 GST

2. The said notification 5/2017-Centra l Tax (Rate) was issued in exercise of powers vested under section 54 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017(CGST Act, 2017). It notifies the items on which refund of accumulated input tax credit on account of inverted duty structure is not allowed. Some of the items notified under this notification are fabrics . A total 10 categories of fabrics covered in the notification are as follows:

S. No.Tariff item, heading, sub- beading or ChapterDescription of Goods
1.5007Woven fabrics of silk or of silk waste
2.5111 to 5113Woven fabrics of wool or of animal hair
3.5208 to 5212Woven fabrics of cotton
4.5309 to 5311Woven fabrics of other vegetable textile fibres, paper yarn
5.5407, 5408Woven fabrics of manmade textile materials
6.5512 to 5516Woven fabrics of manmade staple fibres
6A#5608Knotted netting of twine, cordage or rope; made up fishing nets and other made up nets, of textile materials

6B*5801Corduroy fabrics
6C#5806Narrow woven fabrics, other than goods of heading 5807; narrow fabrics consisting of warp without weft assembled by means of an adhesive
7.60Knitted or crocheted fabrics [All goods]

*Inserted in the month of Sep 17, # Inserted in the month of Nov 17.

3. In 28th GST Council meeting, it was decided to remove the restriction  of not allowing refund of ITC accumulated on account of inverted duty structure on fabrics with prospective effect on the input supplies received after the date of issue of notification. It was also decided to simultaneously lapse the accumulated ITC, lying unutilised, for the past period , after the payment of GST for the month of July, 2018. Accordingly, to give effect to this decision, the notification No. 20/2018-Central Tax (Rate) has been issued amending notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax(Rate). To keep the accounting simple, it was decided to make these changes effective from the 1st day of August , 2018.

4. Vide the said notification No. 20/2018-Central Tax (Rate), the following proviso has been inserted in notification 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate).

“Provided that,

(i) nothing contained in this notification shall apply to the input tax credit accumulated on supplies received on or after the s’ day of August2018in respect of goods mentioned at serial numbers 123456, 6A, 6B6C and of the Table below; and

(ii) in respect of said goods, the accumulated input tax credit lying unutilised  in balanceafter payment of tax for and upto the month of July2018on the inward supplies received up to the 31st day ofJuly 2018shall/lapse. “.

5. The doubts raised, with reference to changes made vide notification No. 20/2018- Central Tax (Rate) are as follows:

(1) Whether this notification seeks to lapse all the input tax credit lying unutilised after payment of tax upto the month of July. 2018?

(2) Whether unutilised  ITC in respect  of services and capital goods shall also be disallowed?

(3) Implication to fabrics like cotton and silk where there was no inverted  duty structure?

(4) Whether accumulated ITC in respect of exports shall also be made to lapse?

6. The matter has been Section 54 of the CGST Act, 2017 provides for refund of accumulated credit on inputs on account of inverted duty structure, i.e., GST rate on inputs being higher than the GST rates on finished goods. However , proviso (ii) to section 54 (3) provides that in respect of notified goods, the refund of such accumulated input tax credit shall not be allowed. Notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) has been issued in terms of this provision and it interalia prescribes that  refund of accumulated ITC on  account  of inverted duty structure shall not be allowed in respect of fabrics as mentioned in para 2. Therefore, the restriction of refund of accumulated lTC under notification No . 5/2017-Central Tax (rate) dated 28.06.2017 is applicable only in respect of refund of accumulated lTC on inputs. This notification does not put any restriction in relation to the ITC on input services and capital goods.

7. The proviso has to be read with the principal part of the A comprehensive reading of amended notification makes it clear that the proviso seeks to lapse only such input tax credit which is the subject matter of principal notification, i.e. accumulated credit on account of inverted duty structure in respect of stated fabrics. The net effect of clause (ii) in the said proviso is that it provides for lapsing of input tax credit that would have been refundable in terms of section 54 of the Act, for the period prior to the 3 1st July, 2018, but for the restriction imposed vide said notification No . 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) and that too to the extent of accumulated ITC lying unutilised after making payment of GST upto the month of July, 2018. In other words, in terms of amended notification , the input tax credit on account of inverted duty structure lying in balance after payment of GST for the month of July (on purchases made on or before the 31st July, 2018) shall lapse.

8 As the notification No . 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) does not put any restriction in respect of ITC on input services and capital goods, therefore the proviso now inserted in the said notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) vide notification No. 20/2018 does not affect the ITC availed on input services and capital goods.

9. As regards, the legislative power of providing for lapsing of input tax credit, the same flows inherently from the power to deny refund of accumulated ITC on account of inverted structure.

10. Doubts have also been raised as regards the manner of calculating the ITC amount accumulated on account of inverted duty structure on the inputs of said fabrics that would lapse on account of above stated It is clarified that for determination of such amount, the formula as prescribed in rule 89 (5) of the CGST rules shall  mutatis mutandis apply as it applies for determination of refundable amount for inverted duty structure. Such amount shall be determined for the months from July, 2017 to July 2018 [or for the relevant period for such fabrics on which refund was blocked subsequently by inserting entries in notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate)]. The accumulated input tax credit determined by each supplier using the prescribed formula lying unutilised in balance after making the payment of GST for the month of July, 2018 shall lapse.


(1) A manufacture who produces only manmade fibre fabrics, had a turnover  of  Rs  5 crore for  the  period  from  July,  2017  to  July  2018[or for   the  relevant  period  for fabri cs on which refund  was  blocked  subsequently by  inserting  entries  in notification No.  512017-Central  Tax  (Rate)].  Tax  payable  thereon  is  Rs  25  lakh  (@  5%). Assuming  the net ITavailed  on  inputsduring  this period,   was R30 Applying the formula prescribed  in  rule  89  (5),  the  accumulated  ITC  on  account  of  inverted duty structure  comes  to Rs  lakh. In  other  words,  this manufacturer  has accumulated Rs 5 lakh on inputs on account  of inverted duty structurduring the said period.  If ITC balance lyinunutilized with him is more than this amountsay Rs 10 lakh, the ITC  equal to Rs 5 lakh will only lapse. However if for any reason, the ITC  balance lying unutilized is less than Rs 5 lakh, say Rs lakh, the ITC equal to Rs 3 lakh will lapse.

(2) A manufacture who produces, say, grey manmade fibre fabrics  and cotton fabricshad a turnover of Rs crore andcrore respectively for manmade fabrics and cotton fabrics for the months from July, 2017 to July 2018[or for the relevant period for fabrics on which refund was blocked subsequently by inserting entries in notification No. 5/2017Central Tax (Rate)]. Tax payable thereon is R25 lakh on MMF fabrics and Rs 10 lakh on cotton fabricsMMF fabric has inverted duty structure while cotton fabric does not have inverted duty structure. Assuming the net IT availed on inputs, during this period, was Rs 35 lakh, ie, 

{(Turnover of inverted rated supply of goods /Adjusted Total Turnover) x Net ITC} – tax payable on such inverted rated supply of goods

The accumulated ITC on account  of  inverted  duty structure  shall  be equal  to nil (57*3525). Thus no amount shall lapse. However, assuming that in this case the ITC availed on input is Rs 42 lakh, the accumulated  ITC on accounted on inverted duty structure  is Rs 5 lakh (5/7 *42-25)

The manner of calculation as provided in rule 89(5) would mutatis mutandis apply.

10.1 As illustrated, the application of formula  prescribed in rule 89(5) ensures that ITC relating to capital goods and input services does not lapse.

11. However , a manufacturer may have closing stock of finished goods and inputs as on 31.7.2018. A doubt has been raised as to whether input tax relating thereto shall also lapse and concern has been expressed that this would amount to double taxation. It is clarified that the proposed amendment seeks to lapse only such credit that has been accumulated on inputs on account of inverted duty structure. Therefore, in case a manufacturer, whose accumulated ITC is liable to lapse in terms of said notification , has certain stock lying in balance as on 31.7.2018, the input tax credit involved in  inputs contained in such stock ( including inputs lying as such) may be excluded for determination of Net ITC for the purposes of applying the said formula. For this purpose , the ITC relating to inputs contained in stock may be determined in the manner as provided in S. No.7 of Form GST ITC-01.

12. As regards the applicability of said proviso to cotton, silk and other natural fibre fabrics, which do not suffer inverted duty structure, this is clarified that the said condition of lapsing of ITC would apply only if input tax credit on inputs has been accumulated on account of inverted duty . The aforesaid formula takes care of this aspect.

13. As regards accumulated ITC in relation to exports, the refund of such ITC on exports is separately determined under rule 89 (4). Application of formula, as prescribed in rule 89(5), ensures that accumulated ITC on exports does not lapse as this formula excludes zero rated Further notification No . 5/2017-Central Tax(Rate) does not impose any restriction of refunds on zero rated supplies as was also clarified vide CGST circular no. 18/2017-Central Tax dated 16th November , 2017. Hence the proviso has no applicability to the input tax credit relating to zero rated supplies. Accordingly , accumulated lTC on zero rated supplies shall not lapse. This is ensured by application of formula.

14. The procedure to be followed for lapsing of accumulated input tax credit A taxable person, whose input tax credit is liable to be lapsed in terms of said notification, shall calculate the amount of such accumulated ITC, in the manner as clarified above. This amount shall, upon self-assessment, be furnished by such person in his GSTR 3B return for the  month of August, 2018. The amount shall be furnished in column 4B (2) of the return [lTC amount to be reversed for any reason (others)]. Verification of accumulated ITC amount so lapsed may be done at the time of filing of first refund (on account of inverted duty structure on fabrics) by such person. Therefore, a detailed calculation sheet in respect of accumulated ITC lapsed shall be prepared by the taxable person and furnished at the time of filing of first refund claim on account of inverted duty structure.

15. Difficulty, if any, in the implementation  of  this  circular  should  be  brought  to the notice of the Board.

Complete Circular No 56/30/2018 GST

Yours faithfully,

(Rahil Gupta)
Technical Officer (TRU) Email: rahil.gupta@gov .in

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Circular No 56/30/2018 GST

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